kjhs Volume. 3, Issue 2 (2023)


Akinwale, G. A. & Aroyewun, B.A.


Adverse Childhood Experiences Psychological Wellbeing Emerging Adults Rural Community

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Exploring the interconnection between adverse childhood experiences and psychological well-being of emerging adults in a rural community in Lagos, Nigeria

Abstract: There has been an increase in the study of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and their related outcomes in recent years. The current study explored the interconnections between ACEs and psychological wellbeing among emerging adults in a rural community in Lagos. The specific objectives were to establish the correlations between all the dimensions of ACEs and psychological wellbeing and check the predictive role of all the sub-conventional ACEs on psychological wellbeing. Three hundred seventy-eight high and tertiary school emerging adults were selected through a non-probabilistic sampling method. The ten conventional ACEs and Ryff's Psychological wellbeing scales were used to assess the respondents. Zero-order correlation and multiple regression were used to test the hypothesis. The results revealed that adverse childhood experience was significantly related to psychological wellbeing, which means that the higher the number of ACEs, the lower an individual's psychological wellbeing. Also, all the dimensions of ACEs significantly predict psychological wellbeing except verbal abuse (p =.160) and physical abuse (p =.515). ACEs were prevalent among emerging adults in rural communities and had deleterious effects on their psychological wellbeing. More work is needed in advocacies because several people do not know that physical and verbal abuse can affect the psychological wellbeing of emerging adults. Therefore, there is a need to develop various culturally appropriate assessment practices, interventions, and policy responses to the menace.